Wireless mobile technology has improved over the years. From 1G to 4G or LTE, the overall user experience has come a long way. This article will look at the advantages of each technology, the progress of cellular technology and the differences in each technology. Finally, we’ll look at 5G technology, and while it does it exist it’s not readily available because improvements are being made.
0G Wireless Technology
Zero technology is radio technology systems which users have or had in their vehicles. Currently, it’s an outdated technology that has since ushered in the advent of cellular phones.
1G: Analog Cellular Networks
In the late 90’s, the first cellular network was commercially launched. This network possessed the ability to transfer calls from one site to the next. More than one site was used and this was the main difference that 1G had. After five years, Bell Labs gave birth to modern commercial cell phone technology and multiple controlled base stations which provided service to a specific range which was possible because of the overlapping of cells. When transmission power was weakened then new cells could be added which resulted in increased capacity.
2G: Digital Networks
This network was widespread in the 1990’s and made use of digital transmissions rather than the previously used analog transmissions. During this time, the usage of cell phones increased rapidly. It was also the age of the newly produced prepaid mobile network.
GSM networks allowed SMS, or text messages, to be sent between mobile phones as an easy mode of communication. Texting was quickly adopted as the preferred method by the younger generation and even today, some people still prefer texting over calling.
Since digital signals consume less battery, mobile phones working on 2G had a longer lasting battery life.
2G also enabled users to enjoy phone calls with voice clarity with a reduction in unwanted background noise. Even though the phones worked properly, stronger 2G signals were needed.
General Packet Radio Service, or 2.5G using the GPRS system, was a technology which came before 3G but long after 2G. The data rates for this service ranged between 56 Kbit/second to 115 Kbit/second. Surprisingly enough, this service could be used to access Wireless Application Protocol, the internet, which has become a constant in our daily life and could also be used to send multimedia text files.
Later, a faster version of GSM became available and it was known as 2.75 Edge, which stands for Enhanced data rates for GSM Evolution. It provided the transmission of information up to 384 Kbit/second, which was considerably faster.
3G – High-Speed IP Data Networks
After 2G took the world by storm, more people started acquiring cellphones and wanted access to the internet. Because of this increased traffic, it was inevitable that a network more powerful, in terms of speed and data transmission, would evolve that would live up to the consumer’s expectations. That was how the 3G network came into existence. But unlike 2G, which switched between circuits, 3G used packet technology.
3G technology revolutionized the whole cellular network system by being the first ever technology to enable radio transmission and television content streaming online on the mobile phone.
HSDPA, also known as High-Speed Downlink Packet Access, provided increased information transfer speeds and high capacity to UMTS, also known as universal mobile telecommunications system. Currently, the speed that HSDPA provides is 1.8, 3.6, 7.2 and 14.0 Mbit/s, but the plus version has an even greater speed limit performance.
These days, 3G technology is still in use because not all mobile devices are compatible with the 4G technology system. Users also have the option to enable any technology from their cell phones.
4G: Growth of Mobile Broadband
4G offers increased bandwidth and a number of services not available on the 3G cellular network. 4G enables users to watch high-quality video and listen to high-quality audio without disruptions; this includes less loading, streaming and buffering times as compared to 3G. WiMAX and LTE happened to be the first 4G technologies to be readily available to consumers. 4G has an all IP network, which saves it from having to circuit switch like 3G does. Due to this, voice calls can be placed using the network over the internet. While 4G LTE data speeds can range from 100 Mbit/s with peak upload up to 50 Mbit/s, WiMAX gives its users peak data rates of 128 Mbit/s downlink and 56 Mbit/s upload.
These days, 4G network services are utilized as an on-the-go technology which has made life much easier for users. It has allowed the user to connect to the world without having to carry internet devices or connect to public networks. More importantly, cellular networks offer a variety of affordable deals for LTE and WiMAX services. Users can effortlessly access the internet, stream videos or listen to podcasts on a fast speed network.
The 5G Technology: Welcome To A New World
The 5th Generation wireless network, also known as 5G technology, is an enhanced wireless system that is incredibly fast and uninterruptable. 5G technology will be widely available by 2020 and will offer high-speed internet with speeds up to 20 Gig and better performance blows the current LTE 4G technology away. 5G technology will increase productivity with its phenomenal 10,000 MBPS download speed. This means that companies will be able to speed up operations while new applications are being developed that will provide ease and convenience in the lives of users.
Large corporations and telecommunications companies like AT&T are currently testing 5G technology in order to serve their customers effectively and more efficiently. Moreover, mobile companies like Samsung and Huawei are currently in the process of developing smartphones that will support 5G technology.
It is an established fact that the internet works much faster when the modem is directly wired into the computer. One of the major objectives of 5G technology is to bridge the difference between wireless and wire line networks because 5G will provide extremely high speeds through wireless networks. Furthermore, 5G technology will cover a greater area than the current 4G technology due to its improved connection and signal coverage capability.
New advanced technologies are emerging on daily basis that will improve the lives of all users. The latest technological advancements help save time and costs by allowing us to complete work more effectively and efficiently. In the past, you had to choose between using the telephone or the internet because connections to the internet were made through your phone line. Moreover, that dial-up internet was slow and unsteady and you had to wait a couple of minutes for the page to load.
However, with the emergence of 4G LTE technology you can quickly load pages and finish your work more quickly which gives you plenty of time for other opportunities, like spending time with family and friends. Furthermore, an added advantage for 4G or LTE users is a fast and reliable internet connection which also allows you to communicate with your loved ones.