Why Android Technology Had Been So Popular Till Now?

Mobile phone technology is growing with the growth in science and innovations. As the number of mobile phones users is increasing the facilities of these phones are also increasing. In present, these phones are not only being used for phone calls but they have innumerable uses and features including camera, music player, gaming, TV, Web browsers, social media etc. And with the increasing innovations and technologies new operating systems and software are being required.

What is android technology?

In the last 15 years, the Operating systems have developed a lot and enhanced to a new level. Starting from the era of black and white phones the latest mobile operating systems have come far away. One of the most widely used mobile operating systems these days is Android. Android is an operating system software that also consists of middleware and key applications. Android Inc. was developed originally by Palo Alto of California, U.S, by Rich miner, Andy Rubi, Nick Sears and Chris White in the year 2003, later in 2005 Android Inc. was acquired by Google.

The first mobile phone working on Android OS was HTC G1. Each and every version of Android updates are named based on deserts like Cupcake, Donut, Eclairs, Froyo, Gingerbread, Honeycomb, ICS (Ice cream Sandwich), and Jellybean, KitKat, Lollipop, Marshmallow, and Nougat.

Features and Specifications:

Android is the most powerful and greatest operating systems for a smartphone which supports a lot of applications. And these apps make this operating system more comfortable and advanced for its users. Android hardware is mainly supported and based on ARM architecture. Some of the major specifications of Android OS is as below:

  • Application framework
  • Dalvik Virtual machine
  • Integrated browser
  • Media Support
  • SQLite
  • GSM technology
  • Bluetooth, Edge, 3G,4G, Wi-Fi
  • Compass, camera, and GPS etc.

The android smartphones come with an integrated Android market which is online software store. This store is developed by Google and it allows users to select download and update the apps developed by third party developers.

Design and Architecture


The Android apps are programmed in java language. Android is available as open source for developers to develop apps which can be sold on the android market. Android system relies on Linux version 2.6 for the core system services like security, process management, network stack, and driver model and memory management.

Android OS does not have native X window system neither it supports standard GNU libraries which make it harder to port the existing Linux/GNU apps or libraries to android.

Security and Privacy

When talking about android, it can be assumed as a multi-process system in which all of its apps runs their own processes. The security between apps and systems are enforced through Linux facilities at process level like user and group IDs which are assigned to applications.

The smartphones having android operating systems have abilities like reporting the locations of Wi-Fi access points and physical locations of every person form that points.


Mainly the android OS is widely used in smartphones, tablets, PCs, Google TV, netbooks and other devices like Google wear, Google watch etc. The main and major hardware platform of these operating system are ARM architecture. It provides supports x86 project from Android x86 project, and Google TV uses a special; x86 version of Android.

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