Android and iPhone are the two massive players in the app world. Windows was also one of the major players, but is washed out now. Take each of the categories whether it is music, gaming, travel, business, finance or any name that strikes your head, there will be an Android and iPhone app developed for the same. Well, users feel that it is the same mobile app, but the efforts put into developing this app for both is very much different for Android and IOS for the developers. This is because Android apps are based on java, whereas IOS apps are based on Swift and Objective C. The mobile app development company has to assign two different teams for Android and iPhone. Well, all this hard work is there if the app is to be developed on the native platform. A tough and time-consuming thing to do, from the end of developers. This has led to cross-platform and hybrid app development which allows the developers to run the same code for multiple platforms. This will curtail the time of development and also cost for the same. So, let’s have a look if it’s not native then whats the alternative to that?
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Xamarin is a Microsoft product which has an intuitive approach towards cross-platform app development. This framework is entirely written in C#. Xamarin will compile C# code for the native Android and IOS distribution. Native API of each platform is being used for the app built with Xamarin. Well, here you don’t have the flexibility of code once and run it everywhere. You have the flexibility of sharing the code, but you will have to write different codes for Android and IOS. The glossier part of the Xamarin is that it has native capacities for both IOS and Android. Also, the performance of apps developed through Xamarin is similar to that of native one which is smooth and classy. On a contrary, just like the native, a separate code is to be written for both Android and iPhone. Certain features are restricted to enterprises and professional license which is also one of the cons. To make the ultimate use of this platform, understanding IOS and Android APIs is must.
3) Progressive Web Apps
These types of apps make their webs apps in a way that they behave like mobile apps. These apps are comparatively fast, user engaging and highly reliable. The agenda of these apps are making flawless user experience and support native experience and features like offline access and push notifications. The best part about web apps is that these apps are indexed and search engines can discover it very easy getting it more visibility leading to more number of users. One more thing, there is no need for the app to be submitted to the app store or play store for getting it installed on the user’s device. Yes, now this is amazing. Let’s take a look at the flip side, access won’t be available to plenty of native APIs. Also, there is restricted support for IOS for PWA. Another drawback is that your app won’t be displayed on the platforms(Play store and app store) where users search the most for apps.
The sunshine side of PhoneGap is that cross-platform app can be built with web tech of your choice. Another plus point is that no need of installing additional SDK for developing Android and IOS apps. Integrations like the testing framework and mobile payments can be added through third-party plugin library. One of the negatives of this platform is similar to Ionic that it is not an appropriate choice for graphics-rich apps and gaming apps. It also falls back in the standard UI library. The web view is used and yes, it will raise performance issues, one more issue with this platform.
5) React Native
React native is quite similar to that of Xamarin. React native enables app development for Android and IOS apps natively with Java or Objective C. It’s easy to learn and implement as well. Developers are availed with the ease to make use of existing native libraries while developing apps with react native. The UI components are additional benefits that make the app get developed promptly. Pros of react native are performance: Just like native apps, top notch. Developers are at the ease of extending the functionality with Java or objective C or Swift. Well, all these is only possible when you are a pro with this tech and have the profound knowledge of react. If there is too much coding involved, then profound knowledge of Java or Objective C is also must.
Guest Author: Pratik Kanada, CEO of 360 Degree Technosoft, a mobile application development company. Writes about Leadership, Start-up Quests, Social Media, Latest Tech Trends and Mobile Applications.